Home » Technical Interview Questions » Array Interview Questions » Sort 0s 1s and 2s in an Array

Sort 0s 1s and 2s in an Array


Given an array containing N elements where elements of the array are 0,1 or 2. Sort or Segregate 0s 1s and 2s in an array. Arrange all zeros in the first half, all ones in the second half and all twos in the third half.

Example

Input

22

0 1 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 1 0 2 2 2 0 1 2 0 1

Output

0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

Approach 1

Algorithm

1.    Simply create a count_array of size 3 and initialize all the elements of the array to be zero.
2.    The array element of count_array depicts the number of occurrences of index i.
3.    Traverse the given array and if we get 0 increments the 0th index of count_array and similarly do for 1 and 2 by incrementing the value count_array of 1st and 2nd index.
4.    Finally print the number of 0’s, 1’s, and 2’s as many times as the value of the element of count_array.

C++ Program for Sort 0s 1s and 2s in an Array

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
    int N;//size of the array
    cin>>N;
    int arr[N];
    for(int i=0;i<N;i++)
    {
      cin>>arr[i];
    }
    int cnt[3]={0};//hashing approach
    for(int i=0;i<N;i++)
    cnt[arr[i]]++;//increase the count of that index 
    for(int i=0;i<3;i++)
    for(int j=0;j<cnt[i];j++)//print that index as many times its value is
      cout<<i<<" ";
  return 0;
}
22
0 1 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 2 1 0 2 2 2 0 1 2 0 1
0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

Approach 2

Algorithm

1.    Simply sort the array (using either Heap/Merge sort or using sort() STL function).
2.    Simply print the sorted array.

C++ Program for Sort 0s 1s and 2s in an Array

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
    int N;//size of the array
    cin>>N;
    int arr[N];
    for(int i=0;i<N;i++)
    {
      cin>>arr[i];
    }
    sort(arr,arr+N);//sort the array simply
    for(int i=0;i<N;i++)
    cout<<arr[i]<<" ";
    return 0;
}
10
0 1 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0
0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2

Complexity Analysis

Time Complexity

O(NlogN) because we use inbuild sort function which has nlogn time complexity.

Space Complexity

O(1) because we don’t use any auxiliary space here.

References

Array Interview Questions
Graph Interview Questions
LinkedList Interview Questions
String Interview Questions
Tree Interview Questions
Core Java Interview Questions

AD Blocker Detected !

Advertisements help running this website for free.

To view the content please disable AdBlocker and refresh the page.

Wait !!! You can Crack Technical Interviews of Companies like Amazon, Google, LinkedIn, Facebook, PayPal, Flipkart, etc

Anisha was able to crack Amazon after practicing questions from TutorialCup