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Next Greater Frequency Element


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In the next greater frequency element problem, we have given an array a[ ] of size n containing numbers. For each number in the array print, the number to it’s right in an array with a frequency greater than that of the current number.

Next Greater Frequency Element

Example

Input 

a[] = {1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1}

Output 

-1 -1 1 2 2 1 -1

Input

a[] = {1, 1, 2, 3}

Output

-1 -1 -1 -1

Algorithm

Now, we know the problem statement for the Next Greater Frequency Element problem. So, we move toward its algorithm.

  1. Initialize an array a[ ] of size n.
  2. Create another array freq[ ] of size INT16_MAX to store the frequency and initialize it as 0.
  3. Traverse the array a[ ] and increment the value in array freq[ ] at index a[i].
  4. Create a stack s and push 0 in it and an array res of size n to store the result.
  5. Traverse from 1 to n-1 and check if value at freq[a[s.top()]] is greater than value at freq[a[i]], push the current position/i in stack.
  6. Else while value at freq[a[s.top()]] is less than value at freq[a[i]] and stack is not empty, update res as res[s.top()] = a[i] and pop the top. Push the current position/i in stack.
  7. While stack is not empty, update res as res[s.top()] = -1 and pop the top.
  8. Print the array res[ ].

C++ Program for Next Greater Frequency Element

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std; 

void NextGreaterFrequency(int a[], int n, int freq[]){ 
  
    stack<int> s;  
    s.push(0); 
      
    int res[n] = {0};
    
    for(int i = 1; i < n; i++){ 
        if(freq[a[s.top()]] > freq[a[i]]){ 
            s.push(i); 
        }    
        else{ 
            while((freq[a[s.top()]] < freq[a[i]]) && !s.empty()){ 
                res[s.top()] = a[i]; 
                s.pop(); 
            } 
            
            s.push(i); 
        } 
    } 
  
    while(!s.empty()){ 
        res[s.top()] = -1; 
        s.pop(); 
    } 
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){ 
        cout<<res[i]<<" "; 
    } 
} 
  
int main(){ 
  
    int a[] = {1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1}; 
    int n = sizeof(a)/sizeof(a[0]); 
    int max = INT16_MAX; 
    
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){ 
        if (a[i] > max){ 
            max = a[i]; 
        } 
    } 
    int freq[max + 1] = {0}; 
      
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){ 
        freq[a[i]]++; 
    } 
  
    NextGreaterFrequency(a, n, freq); 
    return 0; 
}
-1 -1 1 2 2 1 -1

Java Program for Next Greater Frequency Element

import java.util.*; 

class ngf{ 

    static void NextGreaterFrequency(int a[], int n, int freq[]){ 
    
        Stack<Integer> s = new Stack<Integer>();  
        s.push(0); 
        
        int res[] = new int[n]; 
        for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){ 
            res[i] = 0; 
        }
        
        for(int i = 1; i < n; i++){ 
        
            if(freq[a[s.peek()]] > freq[a[i]]){ 
                s.push(i); 
            }
            
            else{ 
                while (freq[a[s.peek()]] < freq[a[i]] && s.size()>0){ 
                    res[s.peek()] = a[i]; 
                    s.pop(); 
                } 
                
                s.push(i); 
            } 
        } 
        
        while(s.size() > 0){ 
            res[s.peek()] = -1; 
            s.pop(); 
        } 
        
        for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){ 
            System.out.print( res[i] + " "); 
        } 
    } 
    
    public static void main(String args[]){ 
    
        int a[] = {1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1}; 
        int n = a.length; 
        int max = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
        
        for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){ 
            if(a[i] > max){ 
                max = a[i]; 
            } 
        } 
        int freq[] = new int[max + 1]; 
        
        for(int i = 0; i < max + 1; i++){ 
            freq[i] = 0; 
        }
        
        for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){ 
            freq[a[i]]++; 
        } 
        
        NextGreaterFrequency(a, n, freq); 
    } 
}
-1 -1 1 2 2 1 -1

Complexity Analysis

Time Complexity: O(n) where n is the number of elements in the array a[ ]. We use one stack and an array for storing the final answer.

READ  Find the first repeating element in an array of integers

Space Complexity: O(max) where max is equal to INT16_MAX.  Here the value of max is fixed which is 32767. We create a frequency array to store the count of number present in the input array.

References

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