Palindrome Partitioning Leetcode Solution

Difficulty Level Medium
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Problem Statement

The Palindrome Partitioning LeetCode Solution – “Palindrome Partitioning” states that you’re given a string, partition the input string such that every substring of the partition is a palindrome. Return all possible palindrome partitioning of the input string.Palindrome Partitioning Leetcode Solution

Example:

Input:  s = "aab"
Output: [["a","a","b"],["aa","b"]]

Explanation:

  • There exist exactly 2 valid partitions of the input string.
  • [[“a”,”a”,”b”],[“aa”,”b”]]
Input:  s = "a"
Output: [["a"]]

Explanation:

  • All possible valid partition includes: [a]

Approach

Idea:

  1. The main idea to solve this problem is to use Backtracking.
  2. Perform the Backtracking starting from index = 0.
  3. Maintain a string variable used to store the current substring and the path used to store the current valid partition.
  4. At each index, there are at most 2 choices:
    1. Extend the current substring.
    2. If the current substring is a palindrome, go for the next substring from the next index.
  5. As we reach the index strictly greater than the last position of the string, we need to store the path, which is a palindrome partition.

Code for Palindrome Partitioning Leetcode Solution

C++ Solution:

class Solution {
public:
    vector<vector<string>> ans;
    bool isPal(string s){
        int l = 0,r = s.length() - 1;
        while(l<r){
            if(s[l++]!=s[r--]){
                return false;
            }
        }
        return true;
    }
    void recurse(int i,string s,string curr,vector<string>& now){
        if(i==s.length()){
            if(curr.empty()){
                ans.push_back(now);
            }
            return;
        }
        curr.push_back(s[i]);
        if(isPal(curr)){
            now.push_back(curr);
            recurse(i+1,s,"",now);
            now.pop_back();
        }
        recurse(i+1,s,curr,now);
    }
    vector<vector<string>> partition(string s) {
        vector<string> curr;
        recurse(0,s,"",curr);
        return ans;
    }
};

Java Solution:

class Solution {
    public List<List<String>> partition(String s) {
        List<List<String>> ans = new ArrayList<>();
        List<String> now = new ArrayList<>();
        helper(0, s, now, ans);
        return ans;
    }
    public void helper(int index, String s, List<String> curr, List<List<String>> ans){
        if(index == s.length()){
            ans.add(new ArrayList<>(curr));
            return;
        }
        for(int i = index; i < s.length(); i++){
            if(isPalindrome(s, index, i)){
                curr.add(s.substring(index, i + 1));
                helper(i + 1, s, curr, ans);
                curr.remove(curr.size() - 1); 
            }
        }
    } 
    public boolean isPalindrome(String s, int l, int r){ 
        while(l <= r){
            if(s.charAt(l++) != s.charAt(r--)) return false;
        }
        return true;
    }
}

Complexity Analysis for Palindrome Partitioning Leetcode Solution

Time Complexity

The time complexity of the above code is O(N*2^N) since every index has 2 choices and for all possible combinations, we’re checking the condition of being palindrome which takes linear time. Hence, the overall complexity is O(N*2^N).

Space Complexity

The space complexity of the above code is O(N) [considering recursive calls also]. The Space will be used to store the recursion stack.

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