Write a program to print all permutations of a given string

Given a string, write a function that will print all  the permutations of the string

Example

INPUT
s = "ABC"

OUTPUT
ABC, ACB, BAC, BCA, CBA, CAB

Time Complexity : O(n*n!)

Note : There are n! permutations and it requires O(n) time to print a permutation.

Algorithm

Permute()

1. If we picked all elements in the string print teh string. else,

2. For each character in the string

    a. Place character in the correct position

     b. permute remaining characters starting from position+1

C++ Program

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
/* Function to swap values at two pointers */
void swap(char *x, char *y)
{
  char temp;
  temp = *x;
  *x = *y;
  *y = temp;
    
}
 
//This function will print all the permutations
//Takes string, starting index and ending index as the arguments
void permute(char *a, int start, int end)
{
  int i;
  if (start == end)
  {  
      cout<<a<<endl;
  }
  else
  {
    for (i = start; i <= end; i++)
    {
      //swap the characters
      swap((a+start), (a+i));
      //recursively call
      permute(a, start+1, end);
      swap((a+start), (a+i)); //backtrack
    }
  }   
}
 

int main()
{
    char str[] = "ABC";
    int n = strlen(str);
    permute(str, 0, n-1);
    return 0;
}
Try It

 


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